The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology :eISSN 2233-6869 / pISSN 1598-9992

 

Table. 1.

Bleeding Risk of Endoscopic Procedures

Low-risk (≤1%) High-risk (>1%)
High-risk Ultra-high-risk
Diagnostic endoscopy including mucosal biopsy Polypectomy Endoscopic submucosal dissection
Cold snare polypectomy of colon polyp ≤1 cm EUS with needle aspiration or biopsy Endoscopic mucosal resection of large colon polyp (≥2 cm)
EUS without needle aspiration or biopsy ERCP with sphincterotomy Endoscopic papillectomy
ERCP with stent placement Dilation of strictures
Papillary balloon dilatation without sphincterotomy Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy or jejunostomy
Diagnostic push or device-assisted enteroscopy Injection or band ligation of varices
Capsule endoscopy
Esophageal, gastric, enteral, and colonic stenting (without significant dilatation)

ERCP, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography; EUS, endoscopic ultrasonography.

Korean J Gastroenterol 2024;83:217~232 https://doi.org/10.4166/kjg.2024.040
© Korean J Gastroenterol