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Table. 2.

Baseline Characteristics in the Subgroup with Cirrhosis

Peritoneal TB with cirrhosis (n=30) Cirrhosis without peritoneal TB (n=102) p-value
Clinical parameter
Age (years) 35.8±10.9 45.3±14.0 0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 20.8± 3.8 20.3±3.0 0.11
Male 24 (80.0) 77 (75.0) 0.80
Associated symptoms
Anorexia 29 (97.0) 19 (19.0) <0.005
Weight loss 28 (93.0) 14 (14.0) <0.005
Fever 25 (83.0) 7 (7.0) <0.005
Abdominal distension 30 (100.0) 97 (95.0) 0.26
Abdominal pain 11 (37.0) 12 (12.0) 0.004
Lymphadenopathy 4 (13.0) 0 (0.0) <0.005
Chest X-ray abnormality 16 (53.0) 5 (5.0) <0.005
Positive tuberculin skin test 21(70.0) 3 (3.0) <0.005
Laboratory findings (serum)
Hb (g/dL) 9.4±2.0 9.1±2.3 0.46
WBC (/mm3) 7,700±3,258 8,751±5,822 0.36
PLT (×103/mm3) 2.2±1.1 1.3±0.8 <0.005
AST (U/L) 54±41 142±520 0.35
ALT (U/L) 31.3±21.0 95±275 0.20
ALP (U/L) 169±152 185±187 0.66
Protein (g/dL) 6.8±0.9 6.3±1.0 0.009
Albumin (g/dL) 2.8±0.9 2.5±0.6 0.76
PT-INR 1.4±0.4 1.7±1.0 0.06
BUN (mg/dL) 11.5±7.0 18 ±17 0.03
Creatinine (mg/dL) 0.83±0.84 1.1±1.2 0.24
Laboratory findings (ascites)
WBC (/mm3) 691±621 137±200 <0.005
Lymphocyte (%) 86.0±8.9 82±21 0.295
Protein (g/dL) 3.4±1.5 1.6±1.0 <0.005
Albumin (g/dL) 1.6±0.9 0.55±0.61 <0.005
SAAG 1.0±0.5 1.8±0.5 <0.005
ADA (U/L) 64.0±21.5 19.0±11.8 <0.005

Values are presented number (%) or mean±standard deviation.

TB, tuberculosis; BMI, body mass index; Hb, hemoglobin; WBC, white blood cell; PLT, platelets; AST, aspartate aminotransferase; ALT, alanine aminotransferase; ALP, alkaline phosphatase; PT, prothrombin time; INR, international normalized ratio; BUN, blood urea nitrogen; SAAG, serum ascites albumin gradient; ADA, adenosine deaminase.

Korean J Gastroenterol 2021;78:168~176 https://doi.org/10.4166/kjg.2021.068
© Korean J Gastroenterol