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Korean J Gastroenterol  <  Volume 75(4); 2020 <  Articles

Korean J Gastroenterol 2020; 75(4): 198-206  https://doi.org/10.4166/kjg.2020.75.4.198
Effect of Cancer Awareness on Treatment Decision for Pancreatic Cancer Patients
Eun Jee Lee, Seung Young Seo1,2, In Hee Kim1,2, Sang Wook Kim1,2, Seung Ok Lee1,2, Soo Teik Lee1,2 and Seong-Hun Kim1,2
College of Nursing, Research Institute of Nursing Science, Jeonbuk National University; Department of Internal Medicine, Jeonbuk National University Medical School1; Research Institute of Clinical Medicine of Jeonbuk National University-Biomedical Research Institute of Jeonbuk National University Hospital2, Jeonju, Korea
Correspondence to: Seong-Hun Kim, Department of Internal Medicine, Jeonbuk National University Medical School, Research Institute of Clinical Medicine of Jeonbuk National University-Biomedical Research Institute of Jeonbuk National University Hospital, 20 Geonji-ro, Deokjin-gu, Jeonju 54907, Korea. Tel: +82-63-250-2295, Fax: +82-63-254-1609, E-mail: shkimgi@jbnu.ac.kr, ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7592-8060
Received: October 1, 2019; Revised: December 16, 2019; Accepted: December 26, 2019; Published online: April 25, 2020.
© The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology. All rights reserved.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background/Aims: With recent changes in the treatment of pancreatic cancer, patients’ active decision-making has become more important. Nevertheless, it is difficult to give patients proper insights into the disease. The purpose of this study was to determine associated factors between pancreatic cancer awareness and treatment decisions as well as how cancer awareness affects the timing of treatment decisions and the desired treatment method.
Methods: This is a retrospective study that reviewed and analyzed the electronic medical records of 110 patients who were diagnosed with pancreatic cancer from January 2013 to April 2016. A "patient with pancreatic cancer awareness" means that the patient was informed of their disease state before making the first treatment decision.
Results: Of all, only 63.6% of patients (n=70) were shown to have pancreatic cancer awareness before making their first treatment decision. Compared to patients without pancreatic cancer awareness, patients with pancreatic cancer awareness were younger (65.00 vs. 76.98, t=6.70, p<0.001), were more likely to have presented their spouse as legal guardians (42.9% vs. 10.0%, χ2=31.70, p<0.001), and spent a shorter time for treatment decision-making (1.6 vs. 10.5 days, t=4.26, p<0.001). The patients without pancreatic cancer awareness were more likely to opt for best supportive care compared to the patients with pancreatic cancer awareness (79.5% vs. 28.6%, χ2=31.70, p<0.001).
Conclusions: This study provides insights into cancer awareness. Since cancer awareness appears to influence treatment decision, it is necessary to develop guidelines to improve cancer awareness of patients.
Keywords: Pancreatic neoplasms; Truth disclosure; Awareness; Decision making; Therapeutics

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