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Korean J Gastroenterol  <  Volume 73(5); 2019 <  Articles

Korean J Gastroenterol 2019; 73(5): 269-275  https://doi.org/10.4166/kjg.2019.73.5.269
Ophthalmologic Manifestation of Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Review
Dong Hyun Lee, Jae Yong Han, Jae Jun Park1, Jae Hee Cheon1 and Min Kim
Department of Ophthalmology, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine1, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: Min Kim, Department of Ophthalmology, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 211 Eonju-ro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul 06273, Korea. Tel: +82-2-2019-3445, Fax: +82-2-3463-1049, E-mail: minkim76@gmail.com, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1873-6959
Received: April 3, 2019; Revised: April 30, 2019; Accepted: May 8, 2019; Published online: May 25, 2019.
© The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology. All rights reserved.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
In patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), ocular extraintestinal manifestations (EIM) are less common than EIM of other systems, but they are clinically important because they can lead to complications that can cause catastrophic damage to the visual acuity and ocular structure. Anterior uveitis and episcleritis are the most common ocular EIM. Involvement of the orbit, posterior segment, and optic nerve can also occur. A variety of treatments are available ranging from topical steroids to systemic immunosuppressive therapies. The treatment of IBD is also essential if the activity of inflammatory bowel disease affects the ocular symptoms.
Keywords: Inflammatory bowel diseases; Ophthalmology; Uveitis; Colitis, ulcerative; Crohn disease


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