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Korean J Gastroenterol  <  Volume 73(5); 2019 <  Articles

Korean J Gastroenterol 2019; 73(5): 260-268  https://doi.org/10.4166/kjg.2019.73.5.260
Renal and Urinary Manifestations of Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Ye Na Kim and Yeonsoon Jung
Department of Internal Medicine, Kosin University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea
Correspondence to: Yeonsoon Jung, Department of Internal Medicine, Kosin University College of Medicine, 262 Gamcheon-ro, Seo-gu, Busan 49267, Korea. Tel: +82-51-990-6360, Fax: +82-51-990-3088, E-mail: kidney@hanmail.net, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3657-7082
Received: April 10, 2019; Revised: May 10, 2019; Accepted: May 13, 2019; Published online: May 25, 2019.
© The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology. All rights reserved.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is increasing rapidly and extra-intestinal manifestations in IBD are also increasing. The prevalence of renal and urinary involvement in IBD ranges from 4-23%. Nephrolithiasis is the most common urinary complication in IBD patients. Parenchymal renal disease is rare but has been well documented and presents most commonly as glomerulonephritis or tubulointerstitial nephritis. The overall morbidity of IBD-related renal manifestations is significant. Therefore, a high index of clinical suspicion and optimal monitoring of the renal function are needed for the early diagnosis and prevention of IBD-related renal manifestations and complications.
Keywords: Inflammatory bowel disease; Kidney; Nephrolithiasis; Glomerulopathy; Tubulointerstitial nephritis


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