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Korean J Gastroenterol  <  Volume 73(4); 2019 <  Articles

Korean J Gastroenterol 2019; 73(4): 207-212  https://doi.org/10.4166/kjg.2019.73.4.207
Prevalence of Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders in School Children and Adolescents
Juan Javier Peralta-Palmezano and Rafael Guerrero-Lozano
Department of Pediatrics, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia
Correspondence to: Juan Javier Peralta Palmezano, Department of Pediatrics, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Fundaci?n Hospital de la Misericordia, Avenida Caracas #1-65, Bogotá, Colombia. Tel: +57-320-365-4101, Fax: +57-1-309-3313, E-mail: jjperaltap@unal.edu.co, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6766-8679
Received: December 28, 2018; Revised: February 1, 2019; Accepted: February 7, 2019; Published online: April 25, 2019.
© The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology. All rights reserved.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Background/Aims: The epidemiology of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in developed and developing countries involves a high prevalence of constipation and irritable bowel syndrome. This study examined the prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders in schoolchildren and adolescents in Colombia using the Rome III criteria.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed on Colombian children between 8 and 17 years old. The Spanish version of the Questionnaire on Pediatric Gastrointestinal Symptoms-Rome III Version self-report form was answered by students from two schools. The prevalence of FGID was calculated and correlation tests were conducted among the variables analyzed.
Results: A total of 864 children with a mean age of 12.5±2.5 years were analyzed; 50.7% were female. Two hundred and fifty-nine children (30%) had at least one FGID, and of these, 163 were female (62.9%). Sixty-nine children had two or more FGIDs (8%). Functional constipation was the most prevalent disorder (13.2%), followed in order by abdominal migraine (8.3%), irritable bowel syndrome (6.9%), and aerophagia (3.1%). A significantly higher prevalence of FGID was observed in females (p=0.000). No significant difference was observed between the age groups or type of school they attended.
Conclusions: The overall prevalence of FGID in the sample was 30%, with functional constipation being the most common. These results are similar to those of other prevalence studies reported elsewhere.
Keywords: Constipation; Developing countries; Epidemiology; Irritable bowel syndrome; Schools


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