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Korean J Gastroenterol  <  Volume 73(1); 2019 <  Articles

Korean J Gastroenterol 2019; 73(1): 19-25  https://doi.org/10.4166/kjg.2019.73.1.19
Clinical Efficacy of Radiotherapy in Helicobacter pylori Negative or Unresponsive to Eradication Therapy Primary Gastric Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue Lymphoma
Byung Sam Park and Si Hyung Lee
Department of Internal Medicine, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu, Korea
Correspondence to: Si Hyung Lee, Department of Internal Medicine, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, 170 Hyeonchung-ro, Nam-gu, Daegu 42415, Korea. Tel: +82-53-620-3830, Fax: +82-53-623-8038, E-mail: dr9696@gmail.com, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7221-7506
Received: July 30, 2018; Revised: November 17, 2018; Accepted: November 23, 2018; Published online: January 25, 2019.
© The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology. All rights reserved.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background/Aims: The eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is an effective treatment in gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma associated with H. pylori infection. However, the treatment strategy in gastric MALT lymphoma patients who are H. pylori-negative or unresponsive to H. pylori eradication therapy remains controversial. In this study, we investigated the clinical efficacy of treatments other than H. pylori eradication therapy in these groups of patients.
Methods: This was a retrospective single-center study based on the medical records of patients diagnosed with gastric MALT lymphoma at Yeungnam University Medical Center between January 2005 and December 2016. Patients were treated with H. pylori eradication therapy, chemotherapy, or radiotherapy according to their H. pylori infection status and stage of gastric MALT lymphoma.
Results: Of the 68 eligible patients, 50 were enrolled in the study. Of the 42 patients with H. pylori-positive gastric MALT lymphoma, 36 (81.7%) were treated with H. pylori eradication therapy as primary treatment and 25 (69.4%) achieved a complete response (CR). Patients without a CR after H. pylori eradication therapy (n=11, 30.6%) received radiotherapy as a secondary treatment. Two patients with H. pylori-positive gastric MALT lymphoma and eight with H. pylori-negative gastric MALT lymphoma received radiotherapy as the primary treatment. CR was achieved in all 21 patients treated with radiotherapy as primary or secondary treatment. The 5-year progression-free survival rate after radiotherapy was 92.9%.
Conclusions: Radiotherapy may be a worthwhile treatment option in patients with H. pylori-negative MALT lymphoma or H. pylori-positive MALT lymphoma that is not responsive to H. pylori eradication therapy.
Keywords: Lymphoma, B-cell, marginal zone; Stomach neoplasms; Helicobacter Pylori; Radiotherapy

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