The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology :eISSN 2233-6869 / pISSN 1598-9992

 

Table. 1.

Characteristics of the Study Population with and without Functional Dyspepsia Symptoms according to Rome IV Diagnostic Criteria (Univariate Analysis)

Non-dyspeptics patients Dyspeptic patients p-value
Gender
Female 1,162 (51) 325 (61) <0.001
Age (years) 24 (18-58) 27 (18-58) <0.001
19-29 1,412 (62) 192 (60) >0.05
30-39 524 (23) 138 (26) >0.05
40-58 342 (15) 74 (14) >0.05
Educational level
University 1,523 (67) 340 (64) >0.05
Secondary school 410 (18) 123 (23) >0.05
Primary school 342 (15) 69 (13) >0.05
Marital status
Single 1,390 (61) 314 (59) >0.05
Married 820 (36) 197 (37) >0.05
Divorce 68 (3) 21 (4) >0.05
Widowed 114 (0.5) 5 (1) >0.05
Employment status
Employed 980 (38) 218 (41) >0.05
Self-employed 137 (6) 37 (7) >0.05
Housewife 274 (12) 49 (11) >0.05
Unemployed 296 (13) 79 (15) >0.05
Student 775 (34) 164 (31) >0.05
Somatic symptom severity scores
PHQ-12 somatization scores 4.2 (3.8) 9.2 (5.3) <0.0001
Number of somatic symptoms 3.6 (2.9) 6.8 (4.1) <0.0001
Short form-8 quality score
Physical component score 46.6 (12.3) 41.2 (14.1) <0.0001
Mental component score 41.2 (13.1) 39.2 (15.7) <0.0001
Smoking
Never 1,664 (73) 378 (71) >0.05
Yes 615 (27) 154 (29) >0.05
Overlapping FGIDs
Irritable bowel syndrome 205 (9) 232 (44) <0.0001
Functional heartburn 46 (2) 101(19) <0.0001
Nutritional status
Malnourished 160 (7) 48 (9) >0.05
Normal 729 (32) 181(34) >0.05
Overweight 593 (26) 815 (29) >0.05
Obese 615 (27) 149 (28) >0.05
Physical activity at least once weekly 365 (16) 75 (14) >0.05

Values are presented as n (%) or median (interquartile range).

PHQ, patient health questionaire-12 somatic symptom scale; FGIDs, functional gastrointestinal disorders.

Korean J Gastroenterol 2020;76:304~313 https://doi.org/10.4166/kjg.2020.110
© Korean J Gastroenterol