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Table. 2.

Risk Stratification of Endoscopic Procedures Based on the Risk of Bleeding

Low-risk procedures
Diagnostic endoscopy including mucosal biopsy
Endoscopic ultrasonography without needle aspiration or biopsy
ERCP with stent (biliary or pancreatic) placement
Papillary balloon dilation without sphincterotomy
Diagnostic push or device-assisted enteroscopy
Video capsule endoscopy
Esophageal, gastric, enteral, and colonic stenting
High-risk procedures
Endoscopic polypectomy
ERCP with sphincterotomy
Dilation of gastrointestinal strictures
Injection or band ligation of varices
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy or jejunostomy
Endoscopic ultrasonography with needle aspiration or biopsy
Endoscopic papillectomy
Cystogastrostomy
Ultra-high-risk procedures
Endoscopic submucosal dissection
Endoscopic mucosal resection of large colon polyps (≥2 cm)

ERCP, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography.

Korean J Gastroenterol 2020;76:282~296 https://doi.org/10.4166/kjg.2020.142
© Korean J Gastroenterol